Our world is gifted with a unique variety of sea creatures. But what if they are gone?
It seems that the ocean has infinite resources but in fact there are so many species that are listed as endangered marine life…whales, dolphins, manatees and dugongs, sea turtles,and sharks… it’s only the less part of the list.
Nowadays there are many organizations worldwide that protect these species as well as trying to save all marine life. You can always participate in their programmes or make a donation to help them, but first of all it’s you who must protect the world and all species.
Remember these species, all of them are endangered:
The most valuable fish in the world are in great danger. Why? Overfishing.
Also known as the Napolean fish, the Humphead wrasse gets its name from an obvious anatomic feature. This is one of the largest fishes that can be seen across much of the Indo-Pacific. Interesting fact: Humphead wrasses change their sex, most are born as females and end their lives as males. They can live more than 30 years but the reason of they are endangered is that it takes a long time to mature, fishermen can easily predict where it spawns so the overfishing again is a great problem for this fish as well.
Corals are also sea species and it’s well-known that corals are an important part of the ocean’s ecosystem. In fact, for people corals are also very important due to their pharmaceutical properties. Corals are very sensitive and the major threats are ocean acidification and bottom trawling, and commercial fishing.
All six types of sea turtles, are listed as threatened. Leatherbacks are the world’s largest turtles. These turtles are found in all the world’s temperate or tropical seas—but not in the numbers they once were. Hawksbills are endangered because their beachfront nesting grounds and coral reef feeding grounds are shrinking. Humans also target the turtles for food and shell products. Fishing gear is the sea turtles’ worst enemy, but loss of habitat and climate change also play a great role.
The cutiest mammals, the manatee is a gentle giant vegetarian. The largest population of manatee is in Florida’s spring-fed Homosassa River. Now there are fewer than 3,000 individuals. Manatees are born underwater and never leave it—though they must surface to breathe every few minutes. Toxic algae (caused by human pollution) is a main threat for them but also such weather conditions like the 2010 winter freeze.
The main problem of sharks is their fins. Shark fin is the main ingredient for a fin soup which is so popular in Asia. The demand and high price paid for it in the Asian market cause the horrifying process as the sharks are caught by fishermen, dragged on board and is cut off their fins while they are still breathing. The remaining carcass is thrown into the water and eventually it bleeds to death.
The ocean’s largest fish, whale sharks are gentle giants and more whale than shark, but their vulnerable populations are targeted by fisheries of Asian nations like Taiwan and the Philippines.
After decades of being hunted, the whales finally received protection. But the populations have been slow to recover, and now accidental entanglement in shrimping gear, collisions with vessels, and marine pollution still remain main concerns for its endangerment.
The Hawaiian monk seal is extremely endangered, as is the only other remaining monk seal species—the Mediterranean monk seal. The third monk seal species, the Caribbean monk seal, is already extinct.
“We must plant the sea and herd its animals using the sea as farmers instead of hunters. That is what civilization is all about – farming replacing hunting.”
— Jacques Yves Cousteau, Oceanographer